AMERICAN CIVIL LIBERTIES UNION FOUNDATION, INC
Established in 1920
Mission Statement: For almost 100 years, the ACLU has worked to defend and preserve the individual rights and liberties guaranteed by the Constitution and laws of the United States. Specifically, the ACLU Racial Justice Program aims to preserve and extend constitutionally guaranteed rights to people who have historically been denied their rights on the basis of race.
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Impacts & Achievements:
Some of the highlights
CEO Salary: .41% of expenses
- Halted Trump’s Transgender Military ban in 2017
- Challenged Trump’s Muslim ban in 2017
- Alongside the NAACP, the ACLU helped fight and win Brown v. Board of Education in 1954
- No other non-governmental organization participates in as many Supreme Court cases as the ACLU ~ typically 25% of the Supreme Court’s cases are backed by the ACLU
- The ACLU and ACLU affiliates are uncovering how debtors’ prisons across the country undermine the criminal justice system and threaten civil rights and civil liberties. We are working in state legislatures and courts, and with judicial officials to end these practices once and for all.
How the ACLU is making a difference
Race and Criminal Justice
The ACLU’s work on racial profiling encompasses major initiatives in litigation, public education, and advocacy, including lobbying for passage of data collection and anti-profiling legislation and litigating on behalf of individuals who have been victims of racial profiling by airlines, police, and government agencies.
Race and Economic Justice
The ACLU Racial Justice Program has active litigation and advocacy challenging discrimination in the issuance of predatory loans and their purchase for securitization by Wall Street; compelling production of records used by the Federal Housing Finance Agency (FHFA) in deciding to block municipalities from using eminent domain to prevent foreclosures; and appealing the Consumer Financial Protection Bureau’s (CFPB) refusal to disclose consumer complaints pursuant to a Freedom of Information Act request by MFY Legal Services, Inc.
The ACLU also files comments on proposed rulemaking by agencies that work on issues of economic justice and amicus curiae or “friend of the court” briefs in major cases challenging the disparate impact standard as applied to the Fair Housing Act.
American Indian Rights
The ACLU is committed to defending the rights of American Indians and tribes to be free from discrimination and governmental abuse of power, whether the government be federal, state, or tribal.
The ACLU has filed important class-action lawsuits challenging discrimination against American Indian families in education, voting, and the child welfare system. In particular, in 2013 the ACLU used the Indian Child Welfare Act (ICWA) to challenge pervasive discrimination and the lack of due process afforded to American Indian families in emergency child custody proceedings.
Race and Inequality in Education
Through strategic litigation and advocacy campaigns, the ACLU Racial Justice Program works to promote initiatives that help ensure access to high-quality education and facilities for all students and to challenge policies that criminalize students for minor misbehavior in school.
The Racial Justice Program has active cases and ongoing court-enforced settlement agreements challenging the discrimination, segregation, and criminalization of children of color in public school districts across the country. We also file amicus curiae or “friend of the court” briefs in major cases that challenge affirmative action policies.
The ACLU Racial Justice Program actively supports affirmative action to secure racial diversity in a number of settings to help ensure equal opportunities for all people. Affirmative action is one of the most effective tools for redressing the injustices caused by our nation’s historic discrimination against people of color and women, and for leveling what has long been an uneven playing field. A centuries-long legacy of racism and sexism has not been eradicated despite the gains made during the civil rights era. Avenues of opportunity for those previously excluded remain far too narrow. We need affirmative action now more than ever.